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Netherlands (Bye Bye Belgium): Wikis

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Alternate History

Up to date as of January 30, 2010
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From Alternative History

Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Kingdom of The Netherlands
Timeline: Bye Bye Belgium
Flag of The Netherlands
Flag of The Netherlands

Motto: Je maintiendrai
(French: I shall stand fast)

Capital: Amsterdam
Largest city: Amsterdam
Other cities: Rotterdam, The Hague, Antwerp, Utrecht, Ghent
Language: Dutch
Queen: Beatrix
  Royal house: Orange-Nassau
Prime Minister: Kris Peeters
Population: 22.806.913 inh. (2008)
Currency: 1 Euro = 100 Eurocent
Internet TLD: .nl

The Netherlands is a country in north-western Europe that constitutes the bulk of the Kingdom of The Netherlands. It is bordered by Germany to the east and Wallonia and France to the south. The European Capital District is an enclave surrounded by The Netherlands.

Contents

History

Politics

The Netherlands is a constitutional democracy and a democracy. Legislative power is in the hands of the States-General (Dutch: Staten-Generaal). The States-General is a bicameral parliament consisting of a House of Representatives (Dutch: Tweede Kamer) and a Senate (Dutch: Eerste Kamer). The Dutch House of Representatives is elected in direct elections every four years, though earlier elections may be held should political circumstances ask for them. Since the reforms of 2009, the Senate is indirectly elected by the representatives in the six regional parliaments. Previously this had been done by the representatives of the now obsolete States-Provincial (Dutch: Provinciale-Staten).

Dutch parliaments are notable for the fact that they are elected in elections without an electoral threshold. Therefore both parliaments consist of a multitude of parties. Though this system ensures a high degree of pluralism, it has, especially since the southern parts of the country got added in 2009, been criticised for its slow decision-making and inability to take sharp decisions.

In the latest national election many Dutch and Flemish parties of the selfsame ideology participated on joint electoral lists. Apart from the the Democrats 66/Flemish Progressives combination, these lists have by now all merged into unified parties. The Green parties in both countries even managed to merge prior to the elections.

The country's government consists of an unusual combination of the three largest parties, namely the Christian-Democrats, Social-Democrats and Liberals. The leader of the former Flemish Christian-Democrats Kris Peeters became the country's new prime-minister.

Allocation of seats in the House of Representatives

Party Members Ideology
  Christian Democratic Appeal/
Christian Democratic and Flemish
37 Christian Democracy
  Labour Party/
Socialist Party Different
27 Social Democracy
  People's Party for Freedom and Democracy/
Flemish Liberals and Democrats
17 Conservative Liberalism
  Socialist Party 14 Democratic socialism
  Party for Freedom 13 Nationalism, Conservatism
  Democrats 66/
Flemish Progressives
10 Social Liberalism,
Radical Democracy
  Green!Left 9 Green Politics
  List Dedecker 7 Conservative Liberalism,
Fortuynism
  Forza Flandria 5 Flemish Separatism
  ChristianUnion 4 Orthodox Protestantism
  Proud of The Netherlands 3 Conservative Liberalism,
Nationalism
  Party for Animals 3 Green Politics,
Animal Rights
  Reformed Political Party 1 Christian right
Total 150

Administrative divisions

Since the reforms of 2009 that introduced a federal system, the old provincial system has been superseded by a system of Regions (Dutch: Gewesten). The seven regions of the country are largely modelled on dialectical regions or historical countries of the Low Countries. A major exception to this rule is formed by the region of Randstad, which is comprised of the country's largest metropolitan area.

The regions have a large degree of autonomy which is largely modelled on the federal states of Germany and were largely instituted after fears from the added parts of the country to be rules by a 'Hollandic' government in The Hague.

All of the regions have their own parliaments called States-Regional (Dutch: Regionale-Staten) and governments. Authorities vested in the states include education, linguistic policy and cultural activities. The regions are further subdivided into municipalities (Dutch: Gemeenten).

List of regions

Demographics

The Netherlands has an estimated population of 22.806.913, making it the 9th post populated country in Europe and the 50th most populated country in the world.

Education


This article uses material from the "Netherlands (Bye Bye Belgium)" article on the Alternate History wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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